Many people find pigment spots as unpleasant and annoying as impure skin or acne. However, this is a purely aesthetic problem, because such changes in the skin are neither dangerous nor contagious, only unattractive. But where do pigment disorders come from and why don’t they go away on their own?
Pigment spots are round to lenticular uniformly brown spots on those parts of the body that are frequently exposed to the sun, i.e. face, back of the hand, forearms and décolleté. The spatially limited brownish skin discolorations result from an excessively strong melanin deposit, also known as hyper-pigmentation. The melanin production of the skin is therefore disturbed. On the one hand, this can happen due to frequent UV radiation, but there are many other triggers.
A typical female problem
Pigment spots and irregularities occur at any age and especially in women, since hormones play a major role in addition to predisposition and UV radiation. Especially with hormonal contraceptive methods or during pregnancy, unsightly spots occur more frequently, with darker skin being more severely affected by pigment disorders.
Harmless or dangerous?
The ABCDE rule helps to distinguish between harmless pigment spots and serious pigment changes in the skin. “A” stands for asymmetry, “B” for limitation, “C” for colour, “D” for diameter and “E” for raised. If a change in pigment does not show clear symmetry, appears frayed on the edge, has shades of colour or a diameter greater than two millimetres, this may be a warning for skin cancer. If pigment changes are clearly limited and uniformly brown, e.g. in freckles, there is a high probability that they are pigment spots. You can get security by visiting your dermatologist.
Trigger for pigment spots
Trigger no. 1 for pigment spots is UV radiation. This is why freckles, as the name suggests, occur especially in summer when UV radiation is stronger. But hormonal influences can also cause pigment spots. The “pregnancy mask”, or melosmal, occurs as a result of hormonal changes during pregnancy. The pigment spots mostly appear on the face. But also auto-immune diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, metabolic disorders or vitamin deficiency diseases can cause pigment spots. In addition, pigment spots have been occasionally observed as side effects of hormone preparations, chemotherapy, antibiotics or antiephileptics. Pigment spots can also develop as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation after skin injuries or inflammatory skin diseases such as acne and psoriasis.
Treatment of pigment spots
Each of these forms of treatment usually shows good results, but you should definitely make sure that your skin is suitable for such “interventions”. As pigmentation marks are very persistent, the treatment is usually lengthy. Microdermabrasion at home.
Bleaching creams contain special whitening agents such as arbutin, which is found in various plant species (e.g. bearberry leaves, cranberry or porst). Of course it is advisable to consult a dermatologist, but you can apply the cream regularly alone at home. After a few weeks, a change will appear in the form of increasingly pale spots, which in most cases will not disappear completely.
Chemical peelings against pigment disorders
If you also want to combat small wrinkles in addition to pigmentation spots, a chemical peeling is a good choice. This peeling peels off the top layer of skin and stimulates the formation of collagen at the same time. Due to the acid pH value, burns may occur if not treated professionally, so this application should only be carried out by a dermatologist. After such a peeling the wrinkles are less than before and the complexion is more even and therefore much fresher.
Laser therapy for beautiful skin
If you want to remove your pigment disorders permanently, a visit to an aesthetic surgeon is a good idea. There are various laser options as well as surgical procedures for a more beautiful complexion. Lasers have the advantage of targeting and removing the dark spots, usually requiring several sessions. There are different types of lasers, depending on the type of pigment spots or skin changes you want to have treated.
Home remedy for pigment spots
First of all: The treatment of pigment spots with household remedies requires a lot of patience and consistency. Success will not come quickly, the following remedies can help you with the necessary patience:
Lemon juice or apple vinegar: Dab the affected areas 3 times a day with fresh lemon juice, then the pigment spots lighten. Same application for apple vinegar.
Buttermilk can also be used for whitening. Recommended especially for sensitive skin, as lactic acid has a milder effect on the skin than the fruit acid of lemon.
Papaya: The papain contained in the papaya should also have a brightening effect. To do this, puree the pulp and apply the fresh pulp to the affected areas and leave on for several minutes. Repeat once a week.
Garlic: Place a fresh clove of garlic 10 minutes daily with the cut surface on the skin.
Parsley: Hook fresh parsley and lay on for 15 minutes daily.
Although all these methods help against pigmentation disorders and other skin problems, such spots can also form again after the treatments. It is best to consult a dermatologist and get detailed advice – this is the only way to find out what is the best solution for you.